Public Health in Bangladesh: Progress and Challenges

Bangladesh is a densely populated country in South Asia with a population of over 160 million people. The country has made significant progress in improving public health in recent years but still faces many challenges.

Life expectancy: According to the World Bank, the life expectancy in Bangladesh has increased from 66.6 years in 2010 to 72.6 years in 2020.

Infant mortality rate: According to the World Bank, the infant mortality rate in Bangladesh has decreased from 46 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2010 to 25 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2020.

Maternal mortality rate: As per World Bank, the maternal mortality rate in Bangladesh has decreased from 170 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2010 to 181 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2020.

Malnutrition: Around 36% of children under the age of five in Bangladesh suffer from malnutrition, with 14% being underweight and 36% stunted. (UNICEF)

The major health concerns in Bangladesh include high rates of communicable diseases such as diarrhoea, tuberculosis, and malaria, as well as non-communicable diseases like cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. Malnutrition and inadequate sanitation also pose significant health risks, particularly in rural areas.

According to the World Health Organization, in 2019, there were over 1.4 million cases of tuberculosis and 4.4 million cases of malaria in the country and non-communicable diseases accounted for 59% of all deaths in the country in 2019.

The government of Bangladesh has taken steps to improve public health, including implementing vaccination programs, expanding access to healthcare facilities, and investing in public health education. However, the public health system in Bangladesh still faces challenges such as inadequate funding, a shortage of trained healthcare workers, and limited access to healthcare in remote and rural areas. Efforts to improve public health in Bangladesh provide hope for the future, but ongoing challenges remain.

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